Aratea Digital
Melk, Benediktinerstiftes, Cod. 412
|

go to

Melk, Benediktinerstiftes, , 412

Bede manual

Pergament — — St. Germain d'Auxerre — s. IX1

Parchment Lagen: Consists of three parts: 1) pp. 1-28; 2) pp. 29-58, and 3) pp. 59-192. According to Sickel (Sickel 1861, p. 3) the third and fourth quires swiched places, so the original sequence of the manuscript should have been: pp. 1-28, 43-58, 29-42, 59-192. There are quiremarks only in the third part: q[uaternus] I (on f.74v) to VII (on f.170v).paginated Written in two clumns on ff. 1-28 and ff. 59-132. Written in one column on ff. 29-58.

Herkunft: Pp. 1-27 and 59-191 were written in the first quarter of the ninth century probably in Auxerre, the tables and calendar on pp. 44-55 in the second quarter of the ninth century (Bischoff). Sickel studied the easter table and came to the conclusion that it (and probbaly the whole second part) was written between 836 and 854. Accroding to Borst the manuscript was written in three stages: the oldest hand wrote the section with Bede's DNR and DT (pp. 1-26) around the year 820, probably copying from the Aachen encyclopedia; the second hand collected smaller texts around the year 840 (pp. 26-58); the third hand wrote around the same time the text of Bede' DTR; around 860-867 glosses and correction in the calendar by the hand of Heiric of Auxerre (transcribed by Sickel). — Judging by the annotations and recepts in German inserted in the free space of the margins, the manuscript was probably in a German speaking region by the eleventh century. In the s. XII served as the exemplar of a German (südostdeutsche Abschrift) copy, Vatican Vat. lat. 643, where the scribe copied the medical notes inserted in Melk 412, but skipped outdated texts. Has a note on f. 1 that from the s. XV belonged to the Benedictine Abbey of Melk.

Selected Bibliography: Bischoff, Katalog I n. 1251. — Bischoff, Schreibschulen II, 45-46. — Borst, Schriften, pp. 250-51. — Jones, Charles William. ‘Bedae Pseudepigrapha: Scientific Writings Falsely Attributed to Bede’. In Jones, Bede, the Schools and the Computus, 1–154, esp. p. 28-31. Variorum, 1994. — Sickel, Theodor. ‘Lettre du professeur docteur Th. Sickel sur un manuscrit de Melk venu de Saint-Germain d’Auxerre’. Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes 23 (1862): 28–38. — Entry with further bibliographical references manuscripta.at.

Codicological unit 1

1-16 Bede: De natura rerum.

16-26 Bede: De temporibus.

26-27 Ps-Bede: Opusculum Itaque stella veneris et mercurii. Itaque stella veneris et mercirii hoc a superioribus tribus planetarum stellis differunt.

27 De absidibus planetarum. Circulus zodiacus quo duodecim signis constat omni es parte aeque vicinus est terrae … — … quod subiecta melius pictura declarabitur. Partly later additions with two rough diagrams. Thorndike-Kibre 224.14.

28 Easter table: Cursus lunae per duodecim signa.

Codicological unit 2

29 On the zodiac. De duodecim signis. Ariete oriente duabus horis occidit libra … — … obtinent gemini. Thorndike-Kibre 134.7.

29 On the zodiac. De ortu duodecim signis. Ortum signorum dudoecim qualibet diei vel noctis hora quisque liquido deprehensurus est … — … Si XXIII aut XXIIII virgo. Thorndike-Kibre 134.7.

29 On eclipses. De solis et lunae defectu. Deliquium solis contigisse fertur anno ab incarnatione domini 808 … — … quod quotiens contigerit totiens eclipsim non defecturam. Thorndike-Kibre 399.12.

29-30 IQSVM. Annis ab inicio mundi per senarium divisis … — … memoratum semper inveniri planetam virgo.

29-34 Medical receipts, later addition on the blank lower margin.

30-31 De incremento saltus lunae. Primus sciendum est quod in toto decemnovennali circulo unus dies de saltu lunae accrescat … — … et sextans, id est sexta pars momenti.

31 De concordia solis et lunae. Novem horis in luna pro V diebus in sole computatis … — … possunt VIIII horae lunares cum quinque diebus solaribus concordare. Thorndike-Kibre 955.6.

31-32 De quibus embolismi menses et bissextiles dies adimplentur. Luna igitur cottidie et cetera transit XIII partes et horas VIII … — … Haec ratio subtilissima est. Et valde necessaria et maximo labore undecumque ab auctoribus collecta et ad quam cernendam mentis acies purganda.

32-38 Anonymous commentary on Bede's DTR. De natura rerum et temporum ratione. Non est praetermittendum cum dixit de natura rerum, cur non etiam de natura temporum vel de ratione rerum et ratione temporum dixit … — … id est CCma XXXVma pars XLta septem semis momentorum.

38 On the epacts and regulars. Quid sit epacta et regulares solis. Dum audis epactas lunae, aetates lunae per singulos annos intellege … — … vel quot dies usque ad Kalendas futuri mensis supersunt.

38 Verse on the course of the planets around the zodiac. Later addition. Walther, Initia 2200. Schaller-Könsgen 1725.

38 M. Luna VIII et XX diebus totius zodiaci ambitum conficit … — … rursus dicitur nasci. Later addition.

38 Medical recipies.

39-42 Easter table. for the years 836-890 and 944-999, lost a folio inbetween.

43 Easter table lunar. Quot sit luna per singulas Kalnedas decem et nouem annos.

43 Verse for the computus cycle. Me legat annales vult qui cognoscere cyclos.

44-55 Calendar.

56-58 Lunar tables.

58 Geomemtrical drawings.

Codicological unit

59-191 Bede: De temporum ratione.

191-192 Four later additions argumenta and medical notes.