Aratea Digital
Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 88

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 88

Germanicus' Aratea with Scholia Bernensia (De signis caeli)

Parchment — i + 11 + i — 380 × 290 mm — Luxeuil / Saint-Bertin(?) — s. Xex-XIin

Digital facsimile at e-codices - Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland

Germanicus, Aratea

De signis caeli (as scholia)

Parchment Lagen: I8(-2) (ff. 1-6, missing two folios after 3), II1(-1) (f. 7 missing 1 folio after 7), III4 (ff. 8-11)Modern foliation with pencil in the upper outher corner of each recto and verso. Ff.1v-7v and 10r-11r written in one ff. 8v-9v in two columns, 40 lines. The text of the poem takes central place on the folio. Illustrations are drawn in the inner broad margin, while the scholia are copied in the outher margin parallel to the verses to which they relate. Capitalis rustica in red used to mark out opening verses for sections. Verses begin with interchanging red and green initials. 28 illustrations of the constellations, two per folio. For iconographical analysis seeHomburger, Otto: Die illustrierten Handschriften der Burgerbibliothek Bern. Bd. 2. (Bern, um 1960), Sternbilder des Mittelalters, pp. 216-17, as well as Kristen Lippincott's Saxl Project.

Modern carton binding.

Herkunft: The manuscript is a copy of Boulogne-sur-mer, BM, MS 188. Looking at the iconographic features proposed that the illustrations were drawn by Odbert from St. Bertin, where the exemplar MS Boulogne 188 came from. — Donantion inscription on top margin of f. 1v:Werinharius eps dedit sanctę Marię refering to a gift made by bishop Werner I (1001-1028) made to the cathedral of St. Mary in Strasbourg (on the library at Strasbourg destroyed in the war of 1870 see Hoffmann, H. Schreibschulen p. 273-4). The manuscript was for some time binded together with Bern, Burgerbibliothek MS 87 (described together by Wimpfelin in 1508: Geometria ex Greco in latinum a Boecio translate, proprietates et dispositions signorum caeli). This manuscript has a colophon written by Constantius, priest of St. Peter’s abbey church in Luxeuil in 1004. It is then possible that Werner procured copies of Boethius' texts from Constantius in Luxeuil and an Aratea from St. Bertin and at some time later the two were bound together based on their common use in the quadrivium.

Selected bibliography: Sternbilder des Mittelalters, pp. 214-18. — Boutemy, André. "Obdert de Saint-Bertin et la second Bible de Charles le Chauve,"Scriptorium 4 (1950): 101-102. — Homburger, Otto. “Über die kunstgeschichtliche Bedeutung der Handschriften der Burgerbibliothek.” InSchätze der Burgerbibliothek Bern, pp. 107-130. Bern: Lang, 1953. — Bischoff, Kommentar, pp. 13-14. — Lott, Transmission. — Ullman, Geometry, pp. 263-285. — Reeve (1980), p. 518. — Mütherich (1989), pp. 31-58. — Obbema (1989), p. 13. — Munk Olsen, Catalogue 1, p. 406. — Blume (2000), p. 549. — Haffner, p. 24. — Le Boeuffle (1975), pp. xli-xlii. — Gain (1976), pp. 2-8. — Dell'Era (1979), pp. 269-70. — Dekker, pp. 145, 163, 173-75 and 233-35. — Saenger, Paul.Space Between Words: The Origins of Silent Reading. Stanford University Press, 1997. — Stutzmann, Dominique. “Saint-Bertin : centre culturel du VIIe au XVIIIe siècle.” 2016.. — Lippincott, Kristen. Saxl Project.

1r Modern title and a stamp of the library.

1v-11r Germanicus: Aratea. Claudii caesaris arati phaenomena. Ab ioue principium magno deduxit aratus … — … (text of the poem ends10r) Significet ventosue truces fidamque quietem. Lost vv. 157-240 on a now lost bifolio at the middle of the quire (between ff. 3 and 4), as well as vv. 387-445 on a now lost folio presumably facing f. 7 which is now singleton. f. 8r blank. (1v-7v) De signis coelis. chapters 1-12 and 21-36 due to the lost folios. Helix arcturus maior habet autem in capite stellas … — … et tres in brancis eius. ipse autem clariores esse noscuntur. (10r-v) Fragment III: Gradine permixtus aries nivibusque caducis … — … et rigor accedit uentis lentissimus ille. (10v) Fragment II, vv. 1-16: Una via est solis bis senis lucida signis … — … Mercurius binos gradiuus perficit orbis. (10v-11r) 29 interpolated verses from Avienus'Aratea: Tempore tum proprio modulatur noctua carmen | tum uespertinum cornix longeua resultat … — … Pluribus indicus sollert fulcire memento | Uale sidens dno xri uestitus amore. (11v) Planisphere with five concentric circles for each of the celestial zones and another one marking the zodiacal band.